By J. Haycraft
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Additional info for An Introduction to English Language Teaching
The student has to work out where the prompt goes in the sentence. If there are two alternative places, he can choose between them. For instance, with the prompt ‘they’ in the above, the response could be ‘If Mary argues, they’ll be angry’ or ‘If they argue, I’ll be angry’. fast that the students are confused, but do get them accustomed to rapid decisions and reactions. Notice that the stress usually comes on the prompt. 5 . SITUATIONALISED DRILL Technique: Give an example using the set phrase or structural item you wish to practise.
1. Principles From a foreign learner’s point of view, English grammar has certain advantages. The conjugation of verbs is relatively simple and there are no problems with gender. Initially, the major difficulty is the difference between pronunciation and written forms. Otherwise, English is a language that can be acquired more rapidly in the early stages than many others. At intermediate and advanced stages, however, everything becomes more confusing because rules are complicated by idiomatic exceptions.
Try, too, to involve your students in this process of deduction. If you do so they will understand the point more clearly. Give them contrasting sentences for instance and ask them to explain the differences. In revision get them to prepare short lessons on grammatical points and then teach the class. The more you involve your students, the more motivated they will be. Sometimes it is not possible to analyse items into formulae like this - for example, you can not formulate rules for irregular verbs, they have to be introduced and practised in context.
An Introduction to English Language Teaching by J. Haycraft