Ali Khamenei - download pdf or read online

By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

Whereas a lot recognition has been centred lately upon Iran's fiery and arguable president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the nation's different major strength dealer has remained principally within the shadows...until now. Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was once born right into a relatives of strict piety and average poverty. As a serious-minded non secular pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. becoming a member of Khomeini in his innovative actions opposed to the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran, Khamenei used to be time and again imprisoned and tortured. Undaunted, he survived to witness Khomeini's successful go back from exile and was once rewarded for his sacrifices to the Islamic revolution with a chain of vital executive and non secular appointments. Upon Khomeini's demise, Khamenei was once named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This new biography is key interpreting for these wanting to know about a guy prone to develop into essentially the most influential international leaders of the twenty first century.

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A majority of the original companions of Muhammad selected Abu Bakr as caliph (or successor to Muhammad), but a significant number were committed to Ali, believing leadership should pass down along the Prophet’s bloodlines. Ali lived in a simple, humble style, much like that of Muhammad himself. This stood in stark contrast to the wealthy leaders of Mecca who seemed far more interested in riches and luxury than matters of the spirit. For this reason, Ali, though an Arab, attracted much support from non-Arab Muslims, such as the Persians.

In 622, Muhammad and his followers were forced to flee Mecca for Medina, about 200 miles to the north. This journey is regarded as the birth of Islam, and it is recreated every year by devout Muslim pilgrims. 33 34 ali khamenei Within a year of Muhammad’s death, the entire Arabian peninsula was converted to Islam. Eight years later, Muhammad and a thousand followers returned to Mecca, seized power, and converted the city to Islam. By the time of his death in 632, Muhammad was no longer a humble desert visionary.

By the visionary Mazdak). Both religions borrowed heavily from Zoroastrianism, as well as pre-Zoroastrian pagan Iranian beliefs, Christianity, and Buddhism. Both movements gained many followers and began to threaten the power and authority of the Zoroastrian priest class. Furthermore, Mazdakism taught that goodness, peace, and love could only flourish in a society in which everyone was equal and in which a class system did not create envy, resentment, or conflict. These teachings were profoundly threatening to both the priestly class and the king, and harsh responses were prepared.

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Ali Khamenei by John Murphy

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