Get A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan PDF

By Toshihiko Hara

ISBN-10: 4431548106

ISBN-13: 9784431548102

This is often the ebook to target a brand new phenomenon rising within the twenty-first century: the quickly getting older and lowering inhabitants of a well-developed nation, particularly, Japan. The that means of this phenomenon has been effectively clarified because the attainable ancient outcome of the demographic transition from excessive delivery and demise premiums to low ones. Japan has entered the post-demographic transitional part and may be the fastest-shrinking society on the earth, prime different Asian international locations which are experiencing an analogous drastic alterations. the writer used the historic records, compiled by way of the Statistic Bureau, Ministry of inner Affairs and Communications in 2006 and inhabitants projections for published in 2012 by way of the nationwide Institute of inhabitants and Social protection learn, to teach the earlier and destiny improvement of the dependency ratio from 1891 to 2060. Then, using the inhabitants existence desk and internet replica expense, the consequences of accelerating existence expectancy and declining fertility at the dependency ratio have been saw individually. ultimately, the old relationships between women’s survival charges at reproductive age, the theoretical fertility expense to take care of the substitute point and the recorded overall fertility cost (TFR) have been analyzed. ancient remark confirmed TFR adapting to the theoretical point of fertility with a undeniable time lag and resembling women’s survival charges at reproductive age. Women’s expanding lifespan and survival premiums may have stimulated selection making to reduce the chance of childbearing. whether the theoretical fertility price meets the alternative point, women’s perspectives of minimizing the chance might stay unchanged simply because for ladies the cost–benefit imbalance in childbearing remains to be too excessive in Japan. according to the findings, the writer discusses the sustainability of eastern society in terms of nationwide funds, social safety reform, kin rules, immigration rules and neighborhood polices.

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Extra resources for A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan (SpringerBriefs in Population Studies)

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The benefits are paid by current workers’ contributions and taxes. ” This system is complicated and difficult to understand but could be stable and sustainable under the condition that elder dependency ratio is relatively 3 Namely, the risk for the capital and wealthy people exodus is not excluded. 0 Year Fig. 3 Social security benefits and population aging rates. (NIPSSR 2013a) low and economic growth is high. However, under the present conditions in which elder dependency ratio is increasing and the economy is stagnating, the imbalance between benefits and contributions is automatically increasing in the near future.

Tokyo: Japan Statistical Association. English edition: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau. 2012. htm. Accessed 30 Nov 2013. Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2013. 2010 Population census. tid=000001039448. Accessed 31 July 2014. Chapter 5 Sustainability of Japan as a Shrinking Society Abstract The post demographic transition had generated various social conflicts. The opposing groups are children and elder, males and females, working and retired population.

8 % of the municipalities (Fig. 10; Statistics Bureau 2012). In contrast to net migration rate, those negative values are growing rapidly. 3 Depopulation at Sub-national Level: Shrinking Regions 23 Fig. 10 Natural increasing rate of municipality (‰) in 2010. (Statistics Bureau 2012) women at reproductive ages, the number of death is increasing due to aging of inhabitants. To conclude, the diminishing ability for socio-demographic change and increasing weight of natural decrease are limiting the possibilities of effective countermeasures for depopulation on community levels.

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A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan (SpringerBriefs in Population Studies) by Toshihiko Hara

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